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Bacillus subtilis is a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium commonly found in soil. It is well-known for its ability to produce a variety of antimicrobial compounds, enzymes, and other bioactive substances. In agriculture, Bacillus subtilis is widely used as a biological control agent.



Benefits of Bacillus subtilis:

  • Biological Control Agent:

    • Bacillus subtilis acts as a biocontrol agent against various plant pathogens, including fungi and bacteria. It produces antimicrobial compounds such as lipopeptides and enzymes that inhibit the growth of harmful organisms.
  • Antifungal Activity:

    • Bacillus subtilis is effective against a range of fungal pathogens, including those causing diseases like damping-off, root rot, and powdery mildew. It can form a protective barrier around plant roots, preventing fungal infections.
  • Antibacterial Activity:

    • The bacterium produces antimicrobial compounds that can inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria, protecting plants from bacterial diseases.
  • Promotion of Plant Growth:

    • Bacillus subtilis promotes plant growth by enhancing nutrient availability, producing plant growth-promoting substances, and improving nutrient uptake efficiency. It can also stimulate root development.
  • Biofilm Formation:

    • Bacillus subtilis can form biofilms on plant surfaces, providing protection against environmental stressors and pathogens. Biofilms contribute to the establishment of beneficial microbial communities.
  • Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR):

    • Bacillus subtilis can induce systemic resistance in plants, activating the plant's own defense mechanisms. This helps plants become more resistant to a wide range of pathogens.
  • Compatibility with Other Agricultural Practices:

    • Bacillus subtilis is compatible with various agricultural practices, including organic farming and integrated pest management (IPM). It can be integrated into existing crop management strategies.
  • Seed Treatment:

    • Bacillus subtilis formulations are often used as seed treatments. Coating seeds with Bacillus subtilis can protect germinating seeds and seedlings from soil-borne pathogens.
  • Foliar Application:

    • Bacillus subtilis can be applied as a foliar spray, providing protection against foliar diseases and contributing to the overall health of plants.
  • Environmental Safety:

    • Bacillus subtilis is considered safe for the environment, non-toxic to humans and animals, and does not leave harmful residues on crops. It aligns with the principles of sustainable and eco-friendly agriculture.
  • Persistence in Soil:

    • Bacillus subtilis can persist in the soil, providing long-term protection against certain pathogens. However, its persistence can vary depending on environmental conditions.
  • Commercial Formulations:

    • Various commercial formulations of Bacillus subtilis are available, often as wettable powders or liquid formulations. These formulations are easy to apply in agricultural settings.


The use of Bacillus subtilis in agriculture exemplifies the growing trend toward sustainable and environmentally friendly farming practices. As a biological control agent, it offers a targeted and eco-friendly approach to managing plant diseases and promoting crop health. When integrating Bacillus subtilis into agricultural systems, it's important to follow recommended application rates and practices for optimal results.

Bacillus subtilis - Bacillus subtilis Bio Fertilizer for Plants

1 Liter
Excluding Sales Tax
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